Vitamin B4
M1 Junction 3
Yorkshire South Riding
The year zero
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Vitamin B4
M1 Junction 3
Yorkshire South Riding
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Vitamin B4
M1 Junction 3
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Vitamin B4
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>You have been asked to examine the inscription on the Rogetta Stone, a very ancient and mysterious object. It might look like gibberish, but it is in fact a hodgepodge of several ancient languages once spoken in the Gulf of Lexico. These languages seem to have some unexpected connections with English... Perhaps you can translate the inscription after reading up on the languages concerned below. Note that recent chemical analysis determined that five different tools are responsible for an equal number of the stone’s engravings, so it is assumed that each nation also contributed a fifth of the 100-word inscription.
There is a map below that gives some clues.
The Languages
The Inscription
Pots! Ward far!!! Slither dealers soft sheet strap untie stop reviled syndactyly presume recede!!! Overpowering possess decaf another canoe’s trails rinse emit terminated, tub uniform who pine vowel lack edam tatters Steven less gainful bombyx renting fourteen saviour sloop toffee sword wolf has eon brazier, desserts wets. Owed, boar lager streams, remand canoeists profanity hiss gardened from from soliloquy, DNA cleared ethereal willingly ancient lick “Shingle” jazz het just citadel ewes testament congeries to won no. Penny object fishing actor buns hours nab islands peek other young rays dead desire exist tup capitol life! Blitz do such hike guard twerk.
The Map
The Solution
The five languages are as follows:
The Decryption
Stop! Draw near!!! The leaders of these parts unite to deliver a supreme decree. We have faced the ocean’s trials since time began, but for too long we have made
matters even more painful by letting our various pools of words flow as one bizarre, stressed stew. We, your regal masters, demand cessation of this deranged form of speech, and declare the thrillingly modern tongue “English” as the only dialect we will recognise from now on. Any subject wishing to snub our ban and keep the old ways alive will be put to DEATH. It’s too much like hard work.
The Key to Translation
R=Rogettish, G=Gramanan, M=Masque, P=Palindroman and D=Doggerel
Pots (P)! Ward (P) far (R)!!! Slither (M) dealers (G) soft (M) sheet (G) strap (P) untie (G) stop (M) reviled (P) syndactyly (M) presume (G) recede (G)!!! Overpowering (M) possess (R) decaf (P) another (M) canoe’s (G) trails (G) rinse (D) emit (P) terminated (R), tub (P) uniform (M) who (D) pine (R) vowel (M) lack (R) edam (P) tatters (D) Steven (D) less (R) gainful (D) bombyx (M) renting (R) fourteen (M) saviour (G) sloop (P) toffee (M) sword (G) wolf (P) has (D) eon (G) brazier (G), desserts (P) wets (P). Owed (M), boar (D) lager (P) streams (G), remand (D) canoeists (G) profanity (M) hiss (D) gardened (G) from (G) from (R) soliloquy (R), DNA (P) cleared (G) ethereal (M) willingly (D) ancient (R) lick (R) “Shingle (G)” jazz (D) het (G) just (R) citadel (G) ewes (M) testament (R) congeries (G) to (R) won (P) no (P). Penny (D) object (R) fishing (D) actor (M) buns (P) hours (M) nab (P) islands (M) peek (P) other (M) young (R) rays (D) dead (R) desire (R) exist (R) tup (P) capitol (M) life R)! Blitz (D) do (D) such (D) hike (D) guard (D) twerk (D).
]]>You have been asked to examine the inscription on the Rogetta Stone, a very ancient and mysterious object. It might look like gibberish, but it is in fact a hodgepodge of several ancient languages once spoken in the Gulf of Lexico. These languages seem to have some unexpected connections with English... Perhaps you can translate the inscription after reading up on the languages concerned below. Note that recent chemical analysis determined that five different tools are responsible for an equal number of the stone’s engravings, so it is assumed that each nation also contributed a fifth of the 100-word inscription.
There is a map below that gives some clues.
The Languages
The Inscription
Pots! Ward far!!! Slither dealers soft sheet strap untie stop reviled syndactyly presume recede!!! Overpowering possess decaf another canoe’s trails rinse emit terminated, tub uniform who pine vowel lack edam tatters Steven less gainful bombyx renting fourteen saviour sloop toffee sword wolf has eon brazier, desserts wets. Owed, boar lager streams, remand canoeists profanity hiss gardened from from soliloquy, DNA cleared ethereal willingly ancient lick “Shingle” jazz het just citadel ewes testament congeries to won no. Penny object fishing actor buns hours nab islands peek other young rays dead desire exist tup capitol life! Blitz do such hike guard twerk.
The Map
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>However, these people are potential entrants, and if they enjoy this quiz they might well be back for more. You’ve just got to sign them up this time, and an easy way out for them is the lack of a writing implement – “We’d love to do it, but we don’t have a pen”.
If they don’t have a pen, make sure you have plenty. And that’s one more team tonight, who could be regulars in the future.
]]>The answers to the clues are:
Putting these in the order
15 Ring
14 Umaga
13 Gregan
12 Beauxis
11 Youngs
10 Townsend
9 Evans
1 Aki
2 May
3 Sexton
4 Hartley
5 Eales
6 Edwards
8 Tindall
7 Stransky
Spells out RUGBY TEAM SHEETS which is where you will find this number ordering. Teams are listed with the Backs first, in descending order, followed by the forwards, in ascending order, except the back row listed 6, 8 and 7. [Although they are often listed 6,7 and 8 nowadays, we stuck to the traditional method!]
]]>As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Benjamin Franklin, the American politician and scientist, is popularly supposed to have proposed DST whilst in Paris in 1784. However, this is not the case, as there was no nationally unified time in France in the 18th century, or anywhere else come to that. What he actually proposed was getting up earlier to save candles, by making use of the extra hours of daylight in the summer mornings.
Incidentally, Benjamin Franklin coined the phrase "Early to bed, and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise".
Legend has it that in 1905 William Willett was riding his horse before breakfast, and was perturbed to see most houses had curtains drawn, indicating the occupants were still asleep, with the sun high in the sky. He proposed advancing the clocks 20 minutes every Sunday in April and reversing the process in September. This was widely considered a joke at the time and never adopted.
In fact he was beaten to the idea by a New Zealand shift worker and entomologist George Hudson in 1895. In effect, he got up early, as Benjamin Franklin proposed a century earlier, and enjoyed the daylight hours after work studying insects.
As with many things, war proved to be the catalyst, with Germany adopting DST to save coal in 1916, and the allies quickly following suit. Although the USA waited until 1918.
And during World War II the UK used GMT, BST and Double Summer Time, known as God’s Time, Government Time and Loony Time respectively.
And finally a question related to time: country has the most time zones?
Oddly enough, this isn't one of the "obvious" big countries, but France, Because of all its various territories around the globe it has twelve time zones. These are:
-10:00 - French Polynesia
-09:30 - Marquesas Islands
-09:00 - Gambier Islands
-08:00 - Clipperton Island
-04:00 - Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin
-03:00 - French Guiana, Saint Pierre and Miquelon
+01:00 - France itself
+03:00 - Mayotte
+04:00 - Réunion
+05:00 - Kerguelen Islands, Crozet Islands
+11:00 - New Caledonia
+12:00 - Wallis and Futuna
Very strangely, the only one of these time zones that is not within an hour of another one . . . is France itself!
]]>Benjamin Franklin, the American politician and scientist, is popularly supposed to have proposed DST whilst in Paris in 1784. However, this is not the case, as there was no nationally unified time in France in the 18th century, or anywhere else come to that. What he actually proposed was getting up earlier to save candles, by making use of the extra hours of daylight in the summer mornings.
Incidentally, Benjamin Franklin coined the phrase "Early to bed, and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise".
Legend has it that in 1905 William Willett was riding his horse before breakfast, and was perturbed to see most houses had curtains drawn, indicating the occupants were still asleep, with the sun high in the sky. He proposed advancing the clocks 20 minutes every Sunday in April and reversing the process in September. This was widely considered a joke at the time and never adopted.
In fact he was beaten to the idea by a New Zealand shift worker and entomologist George Hudson in 1895. In effect, he got up early, as Benjamin Franklin proposed a century earlier, and enjoyed the daylight hours after work studying insects.
As with many things, war proved to be the catalyst, with Germany adopting DST to save coal in 1916, and the allies quickly following suit. Although the USA waited until 1918.
And during World War II the UK used GMT, BST and Double Summer Time, known as God’s Time, Government Time and Loony Time respectively.
And finally a question related to time: country has the most time zones?
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer on 9.00 on Monday, although it might be an hour earlier than usual. Or is that later?
]]>The match report in question said that in the first half a team had three players sent to the sin bin in quick succession, and had to play three players short for four minutes.
Our contributors are special people, and this one started to think "From that information can I work out how many minutes the team played with one player short and two players short?".
So, can you work it out, and what are the times?
For those less familiar with Rugby, if a player is sin binned he or she takes no part in the game for ten minutes.
As this happened in the first half, we can discount this happening close to the end of the game, which would complicate things. Most of you discounted this anyway.
Let the time that Player 1 leaves the field be 0 minutes, so they will return when the time is 10 minutes.
As the team were three players short for four minutes, Player 3 must be sin binned when the time is 6 minutes. And thus they return when the time is 16 minutes.
Let the time that Player 2 goes off be t (which must be between 0 and 6) and the time they return be t+10.
The period of time that the team is one player short is the time between Player 1 going off and Player 2 going off (t - 0) added to the time between Player 2 returning and Player 3 returning (16 - (t+10)).
$$ t - 0 + 16 - (t + 10) = t + 16 - t - 10 = 16 - 10 = 6$$
So the team is a player short for 6 minutes.
We know that the team is three players short for 4 minutes, and the whole time that the team is any number of players short is 16 minutes (the time Player 3 returns), which leaves 6 minutes when the team is two players short.
]]>The match report in question said that in the first half a team had three players sent to the sin bin in quick succession, and had to play three players short for four minutes.
Our contributors are special people, and this one started to think "From that information can I work out how many minutes the team played with one player short and two players short?".
So, can you work it out, and what are the times?
For those less familiar with Rugby, if a player is sin binned he or she takes no part in the game for ten minutes.
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>The challenge is to determine the digits on the faces of two cubes that will allow you to display all the numbers from 1 to 31 - the numbers needed to show the date.
Each face of the cubes has a single digit. The numbers from one to nine must be displayed as 01 - 09. The two cubes can be used in either order, so either cube can be used on the left with the other on the right.
What are the six digits on the faces of the two cubes?
Because you have to be able to display 11 and 22 there must be a one and a two on both cubes.
If only one cube has a zero then, at most, only six of the numbers from 01 to 09 can be displayed, so there must be a zero on both cubes.
If both cubes have zero, one and two that is six of the twelve faces occupied, leaving six free faces for the seven digits from three to nine. This would appear to be an insurmountable problem!
Except that a six can be turned upside down to become a nine.
The first cube has the digits zero, one, two, three, four and five. And the second has the digits zero, one, two, six (nine), seven and eight.
]]>The challenge is to determine the digits on the faces of two cubes that will allow you to display all the numbers from 1 to 31 - the numbers needed to show the date.
Each face of the cubes has a single digit. The numbers from one to nine must be displayed as 01 - 09. The two cubes can be used in either order, so either cube can be used on the left with the other on the right.
What are the six digits on the faces of the two cubes?
As usual you can post the answer as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Blue - 0, 0, 4, 4, 4, 4
Green - 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Red - 2, 2, 2, 2, 6, 6
Yellow - 1, 1, 1, 5, 5, 5
"They look rigged" he says. "No" she replies, "they are not rigged. Each face on each dice has an equal probability of coming up. Just to prove I'm not cheating, for each game you can choose your die first, so I can't pick the best one."
Should he play?
Well, only if his sister chooses first every other game. Then it would be fair.
These types of dice are known as Non-transitive, and there are several sets around. This particular combination was invented by Bradley Efron. With this set Blue beats Green, Green beats Red, Red beats Yellow and Yellow beats Blue, each with a probability of 2/3.
We can see that with Blue and Green the Green die must land on a 3. So Blue wins with a 4 (probability 2/3) and loses with a 0 (probability 1/3).
Similarly with Green and Red the Green die must still land on a 3. So Green wins if Red comes up 2 (probability 2/3) and loses if Red is a 6 (probability 1/3).
For Red and Yellow, If Red comes up 6 (probability 1/3) Red wins whatever happens with Yellow (probability 1). If Red comes up 2 (probability 2/3) Red wins if Yellow is 1 (probability 1/2). So adding the two cases:
$$ (\frac{1}{3} * 1) + (\frac{2}{3} * \frac {1}{2}) = \frac{2}{3}$$
In a similar way for Yellow and Blue, the probability of Yellow winning is
$$ (\frac{1}{2} * 1) + (\frac{1}{2} * \frac {1}{3}) = \frac{2}{3}$$
If he plays the game as his sister suggests he will lose his pocket money.
]]>Blue - 0, 0, 4, 4, 4, 4
Green - 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3
Red - 2, 2, 2, 2, 6, 6
Yellow - 1, 1, 1, 5, 5, 5
"They look rigged" he says. "No" she replies, "they are not rigged. Each face on each dice has an equal probability of coming up. Just to prove I'm not cheating, for each game you can choose your die first, so I can't pick the best one."
Should he play?
As usual you can post the answer as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Click to see the Sample Rounds or Buy Your Quiz and get started.
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The golfer on the lid is supposedly Abe Mitchell, a professional golfer who was Samuel Ryder's golf "tutor".
The match has been played every two years since the first contest in 1927, except for the war years when the 1939-1945 contests were not held. The only other time the sequence was broken was 2001, when security fears post-9/11 caused the event to be delayed by one year. It has continued since in even years rather than the original odd years.
And so to the question.
France is hosting the Ryder Cup for the first time in 2018, making it the seventh country to host it - can you name the other six?
In order of their first hosting:
USA in 1927
England in 1929
Scotland 1973
Spain 1997
Ireland 2006
Wales 2010
]]>The golfer on the lid is supposedly Abe Mitchell, a professional golfer who was Samuel Ryder's golf "tutor".
The match has been played every two years since the first contest in 1927, except for the war years when the 1939-1945 contests were not held. The only other time the sequence was broken was 2001, when security fears post-9/11 caused the event to be delayed by one year. It has continued since in even years rather than the original odd years.
And so to the question.
France is hosting the Ryder Cup for the first time in 2018, making it the seventh country to host it - can you name the other six?
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>This last point leads to an interesting question: In any given year, does everywhere on the surface earth get the same amount of daylight (and thus the same amount of darkness) as every other place? We don't mean sunshine, we mean daylight hours between sunrise and sunset.
Well, the answer is No.
Firstly, summer is shorter in the southern hemisphere than the northern, as the perihelion (when the earth is closest to the Sun) is during the southern summer. The earth moves faster the nearer it is to the sun, and so the summer is a few days shorter. So more daylight in the north.
Secondly, diffraction causes daylight to extend "beyond the horizon" giving everywhere a little more daylight than darkness. This is most pronounced at the poles, so the North Pole gives the most daylight of anywhere on earth.
]]>This last point leads to an interesting question: In any given year, does everywhere on the surface earth get the same amount of daylight (and thus the same amount of darkness) as every other place? We don't mean sunshine, we mean daylight hours between sunrise and sunset.
This question gets more involved the more that you think about it. Try it with your friends at work or in the pub, and you are guaranteed a "lively" discussion. It fact shall we have a lively discussion on here.
As usual you can post the answers, and an explanation of your reasoning, as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
We want more than just Yes or No.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>There was one little oddity about it - setting the time after a power cut. If it lost power it displayed 00:00, flashing to draw your attention to it. There were two button to alter the time, one went forward and the other went back. And here is the thing - the forward button advanced the time by ten minutes every second, but the back button decreased the time by one minute every second.
The design was clearly intended to allow you to move quickly to just past the correct time, and then move slowly back to the correct time.
However, you know the type of people who set quizzes and puzzles, always curious and thinking about things! There must be a time of day when it's quicker to just go backwards to the correct time, rather than go forwards and then back.
Obviously if the current time is 23;59 it is far, far quicker to click back one minute than to go forwards and then back. But where is the break even point? At what time of day does it become quicker to go back to the time, rather than forwards?
If x is the number of seconds for which either button is pressed, the clock will advance by 10x minutes or go back x minutes. As there are 1440 minutes in 24 hours we are looking for the solution to
$$ 10x = 1440 - x $$
$$ 11x = 1440 $$
$$ x = \frac{1440}{11} = 130.9 $$
After 130 seconds the clock will have been "wound" back 2 hours 10 minutes (130 minutes) to 21:50. Or it will have been advanced 21 hours 40 minutes (1300 minutes) to 21:40.
So, it is quicker to go back to 21:50, but quicker to go forward to 21:40.
For the minutes in between (21:41 to 21;49) you can only reach these going back from 21:50. We have already seen that the quicker way to 21:50 is backwards, so it follows that the quicker way to these intermediate times is backwards.
If it is 21:41 or later you should go backwards and if it is 21:40 or earlier you should go forwards - provided that you can stop precisely on 21:40, of course!
Just for the record, using the same reasoning and maths, for a twelve-hour clock rather than 24-hour, you should go forward to 10:50 and backward to 10:51.
]]>There was one little oddity about it - setting the time after a power cut. If it lost power it displayed 00:00, flashing to draw your attention to it. There were two button to alter the time, one went forward and the other went back. And here is the thing - the forward button advanced the time by ten minutes every second, but the back button decreased the time by one minute every second.
The design was clearly intended to allow you to move quickly to just past the correct time, and then move slowly back to the correct time.
However, you know the type of people who set quizzes and puzzles, always curious and thinking about things! There must be a time of day when it's quicker to just go backwards to the correct time, rather than go forwards and then back.
Obviously if the current time is 23;59 it is far, far quicker to click back one minute than to go forwards and then back. But where is the break even point? At what time of day does it become quicker to go back to the time, rather than forwards?
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>It is now the leading membership organisation for parent teacher associations in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and it embraces PTAs, PTFAs, Friends Associations, Home School Associations, Parent Councils, Parent Forums and many more.
Quiz Master Shop is pleased to support Parentkind, and has already written a Blog giving advice to PTAs on Running a Quiz Night. Later this month we will be announcing an exclusive offer to members of Parentkind, so to take advantage of this, and all the other support that they can give you, join them today.
]]>As you play the game you gradually end up with tiles of higher and higher values - 2, 4, 8, 16, and so on, up in powers of two to the 2048 tile which gives the game its name. And beyond to higher powers of two if you are good (and lucky) enough.
Every time two tiles combine you score the value of the resulting tile. So combining two 2 tiles to make a 4 tile will score 4.
To make an 8 tile you will have to make two 4 tiles (scoring 4 each) and combine them to make the 8 tile (scoring 8) which makes a total of 16. So combining tiles to make an 8 tile will score 16.
Can you find a general formula to calculate the score for any power of two? That is, to make a tile of 2 to the power x will produce a score of y.
Each tile with a new power of two requires two tiles of the previous power of two, so each new power is twice the score of the previous power (to make the two tiles) plus the value of combining these (the new power).
As we've seen an 8 tile scores twice the 4-tile score plus 8, ie 16. A 16 tile scores twice the 8-tile score (2 x 16) plus 16, ie 48. A 32 tile scores twice the 16-tile score (2 x 48) plus 32, ie 128. And so on . . .
The scores for tiles with each increasing power of two are:
Tile 4 scores 4
Tile 8 scores 16
Tile 16 scores 48
Tile 32 scores 128
Tile 64 scores 320
Tile 128 scores 768
Tile 256 scores 1792
Tile 512 scores 4096
Tile 1024 scores 9216
Tile 2048 scores 20480
The general formula when n is the power of two is
$$ 2^n * (n - 1) $$
Devotees of the game will have spotted that we are ignoring the fact that sometimes the new tiles are 4s and not 2s, and so the scoring would be a little different. However, for the purposes of this puzzle, we are keeping it simple and just working in 2s.
If you find the puzzle easy you can always extend it, assuming that one new tile in seven is a 4 not a 2!
If one new tile in seven is a 4 then you will get six 2 tiles and one 4 tile, which adds up to 16.
In the solution above you combine eight 2 tiles to make four 4 tiles (scoring 16), and then you combine the four 4 tiles to make two 8 tiles (scoring another 16), and finally you combine the two 8 tiles to make a 16 tile (scoring 16 again). This results in the 48 that we have in the solution above.
With six 2 tiles and one 4 tile you combine the six 2 tiles to make three 4 tiles (scoring 12), and then using these three 4 tiles plus the other 4 tile you proceed as above, scoring 16 and 16. This makes a total of 44 instead of 48.
From 16 up through the powers of two you can proceed as before, namely twice the score for the previous power plus the power, remembering that the 16 tile scores 44 not 48. This starts
Tile 16 scores 44
Tile 32 scores 120
Tile 64 scores 304
And the general formula is
2^n * (n - 1) - 2^(n - 2)
]]>As you play the game you gradually end up with tiles of higher and higher values - 2, 4, 8, 16, and so on, up in powers of two to the 2048 tile which gives the game its name. And beyond to higher powers of two if you are good (and lucky) enough.
Every time two tiles combine you score the value of the resulting tile. So combining two 2 tiles to make a 4 tile will score 4.
To make an 8 tile you will have to make two 4 tiles (scoring 4 each) and combine them to make the 8 tile (scoring 8) which makes a total of 16. So combining tiles to make an 8 tile will score 16.
Can you find a general formula to calculate the score for any power of two? That is, to make a tile of 2 to the power x will produce a score of y.
Devotees of the game will have spotted that we are ignoring the fact that sometimes the new tiles are 4s and not 2s, and so the scoring would be a little different. However, for the purposes of this puzzle, we are keeping it simple and just working in 2s.
If you find the puzzle easy you can always extend it, assuming that one new tile in seven is a 4 not a 2!
As usual you can post the answers as a comment on this website, reply to the post on Facebook, or retweet or reply on Twitter @quizmastershop.
Answer at 9.00 on Monday
]]>Better still, there will be different levels of discount, and the highest levels will be available to those customers who follow us on both types of Social Media and Subscribe. So follow, like and subscribe to save money.
]]>Both concern three different coloured boxes, which are red, white and blue, where one of the boxes contains a prize. Each of the boxes is labelled with a statement and from these statements you must deduce which box contains the prize.
In the first puzzle the boxes are labelled thus:
Of these three statements, no more than one is true. So, where is the prize?
If the prize was in the Blue Box, the statements on the White and Blue Boxes would both be true. Similarly, if the prize was in the Red Box, the statements on the Red and White Boxes would both be true. In both cases, two true statements.
If the prize was in the White Box, only the statement on the Red Box is true, so the prize is in the White Box.
In the second puzzle the boxes are labelled thus:
Of these three statements, one or more is true and one or more is false. So, where is the prize?
If the prize was in the Blue Box, all the statements on the Boxes would be true. Similarly, if the prize was in the White Box, all the statements on Boxes would be false.
If the prize was in the Red Box, the statements on the Red and White Boxes would be true, and the statement on the Blue Box would be false, so the prize is in the Red Box.
]]>